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Rainbow Lorikeet

Appearance

The rainbow lorikeet measures between 25-30cm (9.8-11.8in) from the head to the tip of it’s tail. Their wing span is 17cm (6.7in) and they weigh between 75 and 157g (2.6-5.5oz).

They have very bright colouring which includes an orange beak, a blue head with green on the back and the chest is a reddy-orange with black bars and it has green wings and tail feathers. Baby lorikeets have a black beak instead of an orange one which changes colour as they grow older.

Diet

Rainbow lorikeet’s primarily feed on nectar and pollen which they gather from shrubs and trees. To supplement this they also eat fruits, seeds and the occasional insect. They regularly frequent bird feeders to get food and will also accept food out of a humans hand.

Some zoos allow people to feed their lorikeets with specially prepared mixes.

Range

Their natural range is Australia, Eastern Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, New Caledonia, the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. In Australia they are found in the states of South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland and the Northern Territory.


Rainbow lorikeets have also been introduced to Hong Kong, Perth, Tasmania and Auckland.

rainbow lorikeet

Scientific Name

Trichoglossus moluccanus

Conservation Status

Least Concern

Height

25-30cm (9.8-11.8in)

Weight

75 and 157g (2.6-5.5oz)

Wingpsan

17cm (6.7in)

Lifespan

30 years

Diet

Omnivorous

Habitat

Rainbow lorikeets live in rainforests, coastal areas and woodlands and can now also be found in many built up area’s due to habitat loss.

Reproduction


In Australia rainbow lorikeets breed from June to January. Males and females mate for life.

Both sexes work together to create the nest. This is typically located in a tree hollow. They will line the nest with chewed or decayed wood.

The female lays between 1-3 eggs which are incubated by the female for about 25 days. These remain in the nest and are cared for, for 45 days.

Sexual maturity is achieved at 2 years old.

Behavior

The rainbow lorikeet makes a range of screeching and chattering noises to communicate with one another.

For the most part they remain in one area. They may complete some nomadic movements to take advantage of the seasonal flowering and fruiting of plants.

Rainbow lorikeets travel in flocks of one or two dozen.

They may travel up to 64km (40miles) a day to find food.

Rainbow lorikeet

Predators and Threats


The main predator of the rainbow lorikeet is predatory birds.


Rainbow lorikeet populations are decreasing. Some of this is caused by human interference. These birds are regularly fed in backyards and this can lead to them becoming ill as people give them the wrong foods.


They are also affected by Psittacine beak and feather disease, this is an infectious disease which breaks down keratin in the body and is affecting many of Australia's birds.


Quick facts


The rainbow lorikeet can learn to say many words.


They are regularly kept as pets.

Photo Credits

Copyright. The Animal Facts

References

Birdsinbackyards.net. 2020. Rainbow Lorikeet | BIRDS In BACKYARDS. [online] Available at: <http://www.birdsinbackyards.net/species/Trichoglossus-haematodus> [Accessed 21 April 2020].

Kalhagen, A., 2020. Do Rainbow Lorikeets Make Good Pets?. [online] The Spruce Pets. Available at: <https://www.thesprucepets.com/rainbow-lorikeets-as-pets-390849> [Accessed 21 April 2020].

BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Trichoglossus moluccanus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/04/2020

The Australian Museum. 2020. Rainbow Lorikeet. [online] Available at: <https://australianmuseum.net.au/learn/animals/birds/rainbow-lorikeet/> [Accessed 21 April 2020].

Birdsinbackyards.net. 2020. Rainbow Lorikeet | BIRDS In BACKYARDS. [online] Available at: <http://www.birdsinbackyards.net/species/Trichoglossus-haematodus> [Accessed 21 April 2020].

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