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Amphibians

What is an amphibian?

Amphibians are a group of animal's which are semi-aquatic splitting their time between land and water.

They share a thin skin through which they can breathe and can transfer water.

Most amphibians move through a life cycle during which they start as an egg, hatch in to a larva and then move in to their adult form. In their larval stage amphibians have gills so they can breathe in the water.

Amphibians are ectothermic animals and they lack the ability to regulate their own temperature.

Many amphibian species are threatened as a result of damage to their environment. They are vulnerable to illness as a result of their specialized skin.

Panamanian Golden Frog

Types of Amphibians

The amphibia class is made up of three main groups. These are,

  • Frogs and Toads
  • Salamanders, Newts and Mudpuppies
  • Caecilians

There are 5,500 known amphibian species.

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