Conservation Status Critically Endangered
The Philippines crocodile is one of the smaller crocodile species measuring up to 3m (10ft). Females come in slightly smaller than males. Males may weigh up to 190kg (420lb) with females only reaching around 90kg (200lb).
In this species the snout is quite broad. They have a heavy dorsal amour. Their teeth number between 66 and 68. These are regularly falling out with new ones growing in.
Their colouration is a golden brown which darkens as they grow.
Scientists have not yet been able to determine the exact lifespan of the Philippines crocodile but most other crocodile species live for up to 100 years.
Philippines crocodiles are carnivores. They feed on fish, shrimp, snails, crabs, small mammals, birds and snakes.
They live around the islands which make up the Philippines. They make their home on the coastal and estuarine shores. Freshwater areas make up most of their habitat. These may include small lakes and ponds, small rivers and marshes.
During the dry season a female will begin to build a nest using leaves, twigs and soils. Eggs are carried in the belly of the female for 2-3 months before being deposited into the nest. These are then watched over by the female.
After 65-85 days the young hatch the mother will spend time caring for the hatchlings.
Maturity is reached at 1.5m (4.9ft) with an average weight at this time being 15kg (33lb).
During the day Philippines crocodiles will rest in the sun to warm up. When they become too hot they open their mouth which helps to release some of the heat.
These crocodiles can float on the surface of the water. To control buoyancy they are able to ingest stones.
The Philippine crocodile is also known as the Mindoro crocodile.
Until recently the Philippines crocodile was classed as a subspecies of the New Guinea crocodile.
It has been illegal to kill the Philippines crocodile since 2001 in its natural range. The penalty is a $2,500 fine for doing this.
Top – By Gregg Yan [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
Bottom – By Scott Sandars from Melbourne, Australia (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons