Philippines crocodileScientific Name Crocodylus mindorensis                

Conservation Status Critically Endangered

Appearance

The Philippines crocodile is one of the smaller crocodile species measuring up to 3m (10ft). Females come in slightly smaller than males. Males may weigh up to 190kg (420lb) with females only reaching around 90kg (200lb).

In this species the snout is quite broad. They have a heavy dorsal amour. Their teeth number between 66 and 68. These are regularly falling out with new ones growing in.

Their colouration is a golden brown which darkens as they grow.

Lifespan                                                                                  

Scientists have not yet been able to determine the exact lifespan of the Philippines crocodile but most other crocodile species live for up to 100 years.

Diet

Philippines crocodiles are carnivores. They feed on fish, shrimp, snails, crabs, small mammals, birds and snakes.

Habitat

They live around the islands which make up the Philippines. They make their home on the coastal and estuarine shores. Freshwater areas make up most of their habitat. These may include small lakes and ponds, small rivers and marshes.

Philippines crocodileSome estimates suggest that only 100 of these animals remain in the wild.

Reproduction

During the dry season a female will begin to build a nest using leaves, twigs and soils. Eggs are carried in the belly of the female for 2-3 months before being deposited into the nest. These are then watched over by the female.

After 65-85 days the young hatch the mother will spend time caring for the hatchlings.

Maturity is reached at 1.5m (4.9ft) with an average weight at this time being 15kg (33lb).

Behavior

During the day Philippines crocodiles will rest in the sun to warm up. When they become too hot they open their mouth which helps to release some of the heat.

These crocodiles can float on the surface of the water. To control buoyancy they are able to ingest stones.

Quick facts

The Philippine crocodile is also known as the Mindoro crocodile.

Until recently the Philippines crocodile was classed as a subspecies of the New Guinea crocodile.

It has been illegal to kill the Philippines crocodile since 2001 in its natural range. The penalty is a $2,500 fine for doing this.

Photo Credits:

Top        – By Gregg Yan [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Bottom – By Scott Sandars from Melbourne, Australia (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

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