Adaptation An adaptation is a change in animal’s body or behaviour pattern which allows it to better survive in the ecosystem which is part of.
Amphibian Animal’s which can make their home’s in the water or on land. Some amphibians are frogs, salamanders and toads.
Arachnid Arachnids have a 2 part body which has 8 legs attached to it. Spiders, scorpions, mites and ticks are all arachnids.
Biome A large ecological community type. For example the savannah is a biome.








Warm blooded vertebrates whose front limbs have been modified into wings. These animals are also completely covered in feathers.Peacock
Camouflage An adaptation which means the animal blends into its environment and is harder to spot.
Carnivore An animal whose entire diet is made up of meat
Conservation Protecting animals, natural resources and plants by using them in a sustainable manner so they will be available into the future.
Critically Endangered A species is critically endangered when changes in their population size or habitat availability have meant it is close to becoming extinct.
Domesticated animal A method of training animals over generations so they will accept humans and co-exist with them.
Ecosystem The organisms which are in an area and the way these organisms interact with each other.
Ecotherm An animal which requires outside heat so it can perform its basic function. More commonly known as a cold blooded animal.
Endangered A species is endangered when it is soon to become extinct but it’s decline is progressing at a slower rate than a critically endangered species.
Endotherm An animal which can generate heat within its own body. Commonly referred to as a warm blooded animal.
Even-toed Ungulates An animal whose weight is supported by their third and fourth toe.
Extinct An animal is extinct when exhaustive surveys prove there is no doubt that the last individual of this species has died
Extinct in the wild An animal is extinct in the wild when the same process has occurred declaring it extinct in the wild but there are still some in zoos or sanctuary’s.
Frugivorous An animal whose entire diet is fruit.
Habitat The natural home of an animal or plant.
Herbivore Animals which feed exclusively on plants.
Insectivore Animals which feed exclusively on insects.
Invertebrate An animal which does not have a back bone.
IUCN red list A system which ranks animals on how likely they are to become extinct.
Least Concern A species is listed as least concern when it is not currently threatened and is not at risk of becoming threatened in the immediate future.
Mammal A group of animals which feed their young on milk and are covered in hair.
Marsupial A group of animals which are mammals but they carry their young around in a pouch.







A marsupial which lays eggs instead of giving birth to live young. This group is made up of only echidnas and platypi.animals
Near Threatened A species which is not facing an immediate threat but changes in its environment or habitat availability would make it endangered.
Omnivore Animals which feed on both meat and plant materials.
Odd toed ungulates A species of animal whose weight sits entirely on its third toe.
Placental mammal A mammal which develops in the womb while attached to the mother by a placenta.
Predator An animal which hunts other species to feed on.
Prey An animal which is eaten by another.
Primate Species in the order primates which are characterised by binocular vision, arms and legs which can grasp things and a large brain. Examples include apes, monkeys, lemurs and humans.
Reptile An egg laying animal which relies on an outside heat source so it can function properly.
Scientific Name A two part name made up of Latin words which allow scientists across the world to communicate as they are always the same.
Species A group of animals or plants which are the same. This allows them to create young together.
Sub-Species A group of animals with different genes to the others in their species.









A hooved animalanimals
Vertebrate Animals which have back bones.
Vulnerable A species which is currently at risk of extinction but its decline is not occurring fast enough for it to be considered endangered.
Zoo A space in which animals are housed so people can view them. Animals can also be bred there for release into the wild.